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Open Access Article

Journal of Research in Primary and Secondary Education. 2024; 3: (1) ; 1-14 ; DOI: 10.12208/j.jrpe.20240001.

A Survey and study on the implementation of school mental health education among primary and secondary school students in the Sichuan Chongqing region
川渝地区中小学生关于学校心理健康教育实施情况的调查研究

作者: 洪显利 *, 刘冬霞

重庆师范大学教育科学学院应用心理学重点实验室 重庆

*通讯作者: 洪显利,单位:重庆师范大学教育科学学院应用心理学重点实验室 重庆;

发布时间: 2024-05-11 总浏览量: 144

摘要

本研究旨在调查川渝地区中小学心理健康教育的现状,发现问题以提出对策,以进一步充实心理健康教育本土化的研究、并为相关教育管理部门及学校开展心育工作提供相关依据与参考。我们选择自编心理健康教育现状问卷(学生版)作为调查工具,对6014名中小学生进行了调查,并通过SPSS.19.0进行数据分析。得出以下结论:川渝地区中小学心理健康教育实施情况较好。川渝地区中小学生对心理健康教育实施情况在性别、学校性质、学段、来源地、学校所在地上存在差异,得出多数中小学学生对学校实施心理健康教育情况评价较好;其中男生比女生更了解心理健康教育;公立比私立学校的学生更了解学校开展心理健康教育的情况;高中生比初中生和小学生对心理健康教育更了解;来自城市比来自城镇和农村的学生对心理健康教育更了解;城市学校的学生比区县和乡镇学校的学生更了解学校开展心理健康教育的状况;部分学生接受心理健康教育的积极性不足;部分中小学校对心理健康教师资源的使用不当;部分中小学校心理健康教育的开展流于形式;部分中小学校心理课覆盖不彻底且内容欠缺实用性;部分中小学校心理辅导室使用率低;小学和初中的学校心理健康教育开展力度不够;乡镇、区县学校的心理健康教育水平落后于城市学校。

关键词: 川渝地区;中小学生;心理健康教育;调查研究

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the current situation of mental health education in primary and secondary schools in the Sichuan Chongqing region, identify problems and propose countermeasures, in order to further enrich the research on the localization of mental health education, and provide relevant basis and reference for relevant education management departments and schools to carry out mental education work. We selected the self compiled "Survey on the Current Situation of Mental Health Education" (Student Version) as the survey tool to investigate 6014 primary and secondary school students, and conducted data analysis using SPSS. 19.0. The conclusion is that the implementation of mental health education in primary and secondary schools in the Sichuan Chongqing region is relatively good. There are differences in the implementation of mental health education among primary and secondary school students in the Sichuan Chongqing region in terms of gender, school nature, school stage, place of origin, and school location. It is concluded that most primary and secondary school students have a good evaluation of the implementation of mental health education in schools; Among them, boys have a better understanding of mental health education than girls; Students in public schools are more aware of the implementation of mental health education in schools than in private schools; High school students have a better understanding of mental health education than middle school students and elementary school students; Students from cities have a better understanding of mental health education than those from urban and rural areas; Students in urban schools have a better understanding of the status of mental health education in schools than those in district, county, and township schools; Some students lack enthusiasm for receiving mental health education; Inappropriate use of mental health teacher resources in some primary and secondary schools; The development of mental health education in some primary and secondary schools is just a formality; Some primary and secondary schools have incomplete coverage of psychological courses and lack practical content; The utilization rate of psychological counseling rooms in some primary and secondary schools is low; The implementation of mental health education in primary and secondary schools is insufficient; The level of mental health education in township and district schools lags behind that in urban schools.

Key words: Sichuan Chongqing region; Primary and secondary school students; Psychological health education; Investigation and research

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引用本文

洪显利, 刘冬霞, 川渝地区中小学生关于学校心理健康教育实施情况的调查研究[J]. 中小学教育研究, 2024; 3: (1) : 1-14.